Coffee Geography: Where Does Coffee Come From?

According to Google, more than 50% of Americans (or about 150 million people) drink coffee every day. That amounts to a daily consumption of more than 330 million cups! This makes the United States the most coffee dependent country on Earth.

Coffee has obviously proved its popularity time and time again in this country, but how many people are familiar with where their coffee comes from?

There are two main kinds of Coffea (a fancy scientific name for the coffee plant) from which the magical coffee bean emerges, and each grow a different quality of coffee.

Beans from the Coffea robusta plant are collectively known as robusta; these are cheaper, lower-quality beans that are higher in caffeine and have a more bitter taste (and are cheaper to produce as well).

The other beans come from the Coffea arabica plant, and are known generally as arabica. They have a cleaner and stronger coffee taste with less bitterness (all of our fresh-roasted coffee is made from 100% arabica beans).

Both varieties of the Coffea grow in a limited number of climates, all of which are situated between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. For those who don’t have a globe handy, this area includes large parts of Central and South America, Africa, and Indonesia, but not much of the USA or Europe. This is why the only “domestic” coffee in the USA comes from Hawaii!

After growing for three to five years, the plant will begin to produce the coffee “cherries,” small red fruits that are collected, dried and roasted to become the beans that yield your delicious morning cup (the same plant can produce cherries for up to 60 years). Usually beans grow in tandem, but from time to time a bean will grow in by itself; these rarer single beans are given the designation of “peaberry,” and they make up about 5% of all the beans grown at any given time.

Here at Fairway Market, we pride ourselves on carrying coffee from nearly every coffee-producing country on Earth, freshly roasted every day!

  • Hawaii
  • Mexico
  • Guatemala
  • El Salvador
  • Costa Rica
  • Panama
  • Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Puerto Rico
  • Colombia
  • Peru
  • Brazil
  • Galapagos
  • Rwanda
  • Tanzania
  • Malawi
  • Kenya
  • Ethiopia
  • Yemen
  • India
  • Sumatra
  • Sulawesi
  • Java
  • Papau New Guinea
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